How to set up a Static IP for a Virtual Machine (CentOS)
The following lists steps to set up a Static IP for a Metric Insights Virtual Machine (CentOS). Note, you will have to get the IP from the customer's network administrator.
We've deployed the Metric Insights OVA in our virtual player, but company policy dictates that we not use a Bridged connection. We must use NAT instead and our network administrator has provided us with an IP for the VM. How do we set this up?
To set up a Static IP, please follow the steps below in the VM. Ensure you have the static IP, gateway, and netmask to properly configure the VM:
1.) From the command line, make a backup of the network card file ifcg-eth0 or ifcg-enp0s3 in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ then proceed with making changes to either file (the file repesent depends on the CentOS release):
# cp /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.bak
# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
2.) Make the following changes to ifcg-eth0 in the vim editor:
DEVICE="eth0" NM_CONTROLLED="yes" ONBOOT=yes HWADDR=20:89:84:c8:12:8a TYPE=Ethernet BOOTPROTO=static NAME="System eth0" UUID=5fb06bd0-0bb0-7ffb-45f1-d6edd65f3e03 IPADDR=192.168.90.1 NETMASK=255.255.255.0 GATEWAY=192.168.90.254
Only the parameters BOOTPROTO, IPADDR, NETMASK, and GATEWAY have to be adjusted (or added if missing). You do not have to edit the other lines.
3.) Next, edit /etc/sysconfig/network:
# vim /etc/sysconfig/network
Add the following entries:
NETWORKING=yes HOSTNAME=company_name.metricinsights.com GATEWAY=192.168.90.254
4.) After configuring the IP, we now need to configure DNS. This can be done in /etc/resolv.conf:
# vim /etc/resolv.conf
Add or edit the following nameserver entries:
nameserver 188.8.131.52 nameserver 184.108.40.206
You can add two or more nameserver entries. The VM will try the second one in case the first nameserver is unreachable.
5.) Add the IP and hostname in /etc/hosts:
# vim /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 192.168.90.1 company_name.metricinsights.com
Note, the new hostname will only be applied after a system reboot. 6.) To apply the network changes, enter the following command:
# services network restart
7.) After the network service restart you can confirm the static IP has been applied to the VM by running:
You should see an output like this:
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 20:89:84:c8:12:8a
inet addr:192.168.90.1 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: 2001:db8::c0ca:1eaf/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:200197 errors:0 dropped:67 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:69689 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
RX bytes:64103748 (64.1 MB) TX bytes:14106191 (14.1 MB)
lo Link encap:Local Loopback
inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:65536 Metric:1
RX packets:10365 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:10365 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
RX bytes:875114 (875.1 KB) TX bytes:875114 (875.1 KB)
You should be able to reach the Metric Insights UI now by entering the IP in your web browser. Also, you can check for Internet access from the VM by pinging an external website like google.com. Note, if the network administrator has restricted internet access from the NAT network, you will be unable to ping the internet.